Laravel 5.5 Custom Validation Rule Objects

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Laravel 5.5 Custom Validation Rule Objects image

Laravel 5.5 will introduce support for custom validation rule objects as an alternative to using Validator::extend for custom validation rules.

To define a custom validation rule, implement the Illuminate\Contracts\Validation\Rule interface or use a Closure. The custom rule is then used directly in a validator.

An example of a custom object validation rule might look something like:

use Illuminate\Contracts\Validation\Rule;
 
class CowbellValidationRule implements Rule
{
public function passes($attribute, $value)
{
return $value > 10;
}
 
public function message()
{
return ':attribute needs more cowbell!';
}
}

With the custom rule defined, you might use it in your controller validation like so:

public function store()
{
// Validation message would be "song needs more cowbell!"
$this->validate(request(), [
'song' => [new CowbellValidationRule]
]);
}

The same rule as a Closure would look something like the following.

public function store()
{
$this->validate(request(), [
'song' => [function ($attribute, $value, $fail) {
if ($value <= 10) {
$fail(':attribute needs more cowbell!');
}
}]
]);
}

The custom rule examples will not run if the song field is empty or isn’t present in the request. If you want a custom validation object to run even with the value is empty, you need to use the ImplicitRule contract.

use Illuminate\Contracts\Validation\ImplicitRule;
 
class CowbellValidationRule implements ImplicitRule
{
public function passes($attribute, $value)
{
return $value > 10;
}
 
public function message()
{
return ':attribute needs more cowbell!';
}
}

Custom validation rule objects will be an excellent alternative to Validator::extend() style custom rules if you prefer to organize custom rules in classes. Also, jumping to the rule source code from a validator can be more convenient than searching for a custom string-based rule defined with Validator::extend.

The Closure style custom validation rules will be nice for simple one-off needs and make it really convenient to experiment with custom validation rules without leaving the controller. You could use a Closure to experiment with a custom rule and then move it to an object if the rule proves useful.

Check out the pull request files to see how this feature was implemented and tested.

Bravo!

Paul Redmond photo

Staff writer at Laravel News. Full stack web developer and author.

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