Organize Laravel Applications With Actions

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Organize Laravel Applications With Actions image

The Laravel actions package provides a new way to organize your Laravel applications’ logic by focusing on actions. Using this technique, you can execute the same class as a controller, a command, a job, and a listener.

In v2, the package no longer extends an Action class but instead uses traits to provide helper methods and detect which context to execute a class.

Here’s a simple example of an action class that we can use as a controller, an object, a job, a listener, etc.:

namespace App\Authentication\Actions;
 
use Lorisleiva\Actions\Concerns\AsAction;
 
class UpdateUserPassword
{
use AsAction;
 
public function handle(User $user, string $newPassword)
{
$user->password = Hash::make($newPassword);
$user->save();
}
}

And here are the various ways you can run this class:

// Equivalent to "app(UpdateUserPassword::class)".
UpdateUserPassword::make();
 
// Equivalent to "UpdateUserPassword::make()->handle($user, 'secret')".
UpdateUserPassword::run($user, 'secret');
 
// As a controller defined in routes
Route::put(
'auth/password',
UpdateUserPassword::class
)->middleware('auth');

You can even define controller validation within the UpdateUserPassword action:

public function rules()
{
return [
'current_password' => ['required'],
'password' => ['required', 'confirmed'],
];
}

You can even run this class as a command. Check out the Basic usage documentation for details on defining actions capable of running as a command.

Learn More

Check out laravelactions.com for an overview, installation instructions, and the complete documentation for this package. You can check out the source code and contribute on GitHub at lorisleiva/laravel-actions.

We previously covered the 1.0 version of this package, but it’s been re-written from scratch and provides a slightly different paradigm. Check out the upgrade guide for complete details on what has changed in 2.0.

Paul Redmond photo

Staff writer at Laravel News. Full stack web developer and author.

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