Spatie Multitenancy Package for Laravel


May 26th, 2020

Spatie  Multitenancy Package for Laravel

Multitenancy is a hot topic for web developers that need to support multiple clients with the same codebase, but need to keep data separate either via table prefixes or separate databases.

In the Laravel space, Spatie released a new offering recently with an unopinionated multitenancy package to make apps tenant-aware:

Our newest package, laravel-multitenancy, has been released!
The philosophy of this package is that it should only provide the bare essentials to enable multitenancy


Video (demo+source dive):

— Freek Van der Herten (@freekmurze) May 20, 2020

According to Freek Van der Herten’s introductory post, the “philosophy of the package is that it should only provide the bare essentials to enable multitenancy.”

This package takes care of a few things related to tenancy for you:

  1. Tracking which tenant is the current tenant.
  2. Dynamically change the configuration when changing a tenant.
  3. Tools to help with creating a new tenant database and running migrations on multiple tenants.

We’ll only touch lightly on the package; the best place to get started is reading the laravel-multitenancy documenation.

Tenant Model

At the core of the package is the Tenant model, which represents each available tenant. You can work with and access the current tenant with a few handy methods provided by the package:

use Spatie\Multitenancy\Models\Tenant;
// Get the current tenant, or null if there is no current tenant
// Get the same thing via the container
// Determine if there is a current tenant
// Setting a tenant instance as the current tenant
// Forget the current tenant

Finding Tenants

After installing the Spatie multitenancy package, you have a tenants database table that will include a row for each tenant in the application. Part of the job of Spatie’s package is determining which tenant should be used to serve the current request, typically based on a domain name. Out of the box, the package provides a DomainTenantFinder class to look up a tenant and set it as the current. However, you can configure a custom finder as long as it extends the abstract TenantFinder class.

Other considerations you need when finding a current tenant include the NeedsTenant middleware for setting the current tenant based on the incoming request and the global EnsureValidTenantSession middleware to prevent users from a given tenant to access other tenants.

Tenant-Aware Console and Queues

Another challenge when implementing multi-tenancy is scoping console commands and queue jobs. By default, all queue jobs are tenant-aware, and you can disable that capability via configuration. Spatie’s package provides a TenantAware and NotTenantAware to make specific queue jobs aware of which tenant to run for any custom needs.

Another thing you’ll likely need is the ability to run a console command for each tenant or target a specific tenant. This package has you covered with the tenants:artisan command:

# Run migrate on each tenant
php artisan tenants:artisan migrate
# Run migrate on a specific tenant with args
php artisan tenants:artisan "migrate --seed" --tenant=123

Learn More

You can learn more about this package, get full installation instructions, and view the source code on GitHub at spatie/laravel-multitenancy.

I’d also recommend reading Freek’s post which goes into more in-depth details and reasons for making this package.

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Paul Redmond

Full stack web developer. Author of Lumen Programming Guide and Docker for PHP Developers.